Businesses, governments, academics and many other organizations are currently working towards the creation of a follow-up of the Kyoto Protocol. The purpose is to set new binding targets to tackle climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This new protocol, named the Paris protocol, will be agreed upon in 2015 during the 21st Climate Change Conference (COP21) in Paris.
Preparations for the Paris protocol: COP19, Warsaw, 2013
The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action has been mandated to draft the Paris protocol. In order to prepare the creation of a draft proposal, Christiana Figueres (Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention for Climate Change) plans to generate progress on four major questions during this years’ conference in Warsaw (COP19).
- which mechanisms and practices will countries use to adapt to climate change? Goal = concrete adaptation plans need to become available.
- how will these adaptation mechanisms be financed? Goal = fill the Adaptation Fund, which will empower the least developed countries.
- what are the diverse countries’ national situations? How can every country -in its own way- tackle climate change problems? Goal = every country needs a detailed action plan.
- how can private sector successes and failures be identified and shared at the international level? Goal = sharing of best-practices and avoidance of failures.
This year in Warsaw, many cities and businesses will be able to show off their efforts, national governments will be able to learn from each others’ private sector and local actions, best-practices will be shared internationally. Besides local and private efforts, three major themes will be highlighted: women, poverty, innovative financing models.
Preparations for the Paris protocol: 2014
2014 will be a critical year. Space of action and grounds for a meaningful Paris protocol need to be generated. In 2014, all eyes will be on three particular events.
- January: The World Economic Forum will concentrate specifically on sustainability.
- May: In Korea, energy ministers from around the world will come together to discuss sustainable energy plans.
- September: The UN has invited government and business representatives to sit together and actively discuss emission reduction plans as well as financial plans that fit the needs.
In December, the 20th Climate Change Conference (COP20) will take place in Lima, Peru.
Preparations for the Paris protocol: COP20, Lima, 2014
The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action will present its draft proposal of the Paris protocol. Government representatives will be able to present their national situation and propose national plans to combat climate change. The draft protocol will be adapted in order to fit each countries’ possibilities. It will then take another year to finalize the draft proposal and write down each countries’ promises and targets.
The text of the Paris protocol need to be final by the end of 2015. Governments have promised to agree upon a follow-up of the Kyoto protocol during COP21 in Paris, 2015. Targets beyond 2020 are highly required, since the second phase of the Kyoto protocol will end in 2020.
Youtube: Christiana Figueres outlines the draft process of the Paris protocol beyond 2013.